Supplementary Material for: Elevated Preoperative CA125 or CA19-9 in Borderline Ovarian Tumors: Could It Be Suggestive of Advanced Stage or a Poor Prognosis?

Objectives: To investigate whether elevated levels of CA125 (≥35 U/mL) and CA19-9 (≥37 U/mL) suggest advanced-stage disease (defined as stage II or higher) or poor prognosis in patients with borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs). Study Design: We retrospectively identified 591 patients with BOTs. Multivariate logistic regressions and Cox proportional hazard regressions were used to determine the clinicopathologic factors associated with the presence of advanced-stage disease and the prognostic factors associated with recurrence-free survival. Results: CA125 was elevated more often in serous than in mucinous tumors (50.6 vs. 35.5%; p = 0.003), whereas CA19-9 was elevated more often in mucinous than serous tumors (33.6 vs. 15.3%; p = 0.001). An elevated CA125 level was independently associated with the presence of advanced-stage disease in serous (p = 0.005) and in mucinous BOTs (p = 0.015). However, preoperative elevation of CA19-9, unlike CA125, was not associated with the advanced-stage disease. Elevated preoperative CA125 level (p = 0.037) was an independent prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival in patients with serous BOTs. However, neither CA125 nor CA19-9 had prognostic significance in mucinous BOTs. Conclusions: Elevated preoperative CA125, unlike CA19-9, is a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker associated with the presence of advanced-stage disease and risk of relapse in patients with serous BOTs.