Supplementary Material for: Dynamics of Renal Electrolyte Excretion in Growing Mice

<p>Genetically modified mice represent important models for elucidating renal pathophysiology, but gene deletions frequently cause severe failure to thrive. In such cases, the analysis of the phenotype is often limited to the first weeks of life when renal excretory function undergoes dramatic physiological changes. Here, we investigated the postnatal dynamics of urinary ion excretion in mice. The profiles of urinary electrolyte excretion of mice were examined from birth until after weaning using an automated ion chromatography system. Postnatally, mice grew about 0.4 g/day, except during two phases with slower weight gain: (i) directly after birth during adaptation to extrauterine conditions (P0-P2) and (ii) during the weaning period (P15-P21), when nutrition changed from mother's milk to solid chow and water. During the first 3 days after birth, remarkable changes in urinary Na<sup>+</sup>, Ca<sup>2+</sup>, Mg<sup>2+</sup>, and phosphate concentrations occurred, whereas K<sup>+</sup> and Cl<sup>-</sup> concentrations hardly changed. From days 4-14 after birth, Na<sup>+</sup>, Ca<sup>2+</sup>, Mg<sup>2+</sup>, K<sup>+</sup>, and Cl<sup>-</sup> concentrations remained relatively stable at low levels. Urinary concentrations of creatinine, NH<sub>4</sub><sup>+</sup>, phosphate, and sulfate constantly increased from birth until after weaning. Profiles of salt excretion in KCNJ10<sup>-/-</sup> mice exemplified the relevance of age-dependent analysis of urinary excretion. In conclusion, the most critical phases for analysis of renal ion excretion during the first weeks of life are directly after birth and during the weaning period. The age dependence of urinary excretion varies for the different ions. This should be taken into consideration when the renal phenotype of mice is investigated during the first weeks of life.</p>