Supplementary Material for: Characterization of a de novo Supernumerary Neocentric Ring Chromosome Derived from Chromosome 7
2015-12-16T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
Supernumerary ring chromosomes (SRC) are usually derived from regions adjacent to the centromere. Their identification may be challenging, particularly in case of low mosaicism. Here, we report on a patient who was referred for major in utero growth retardation, severe developmental delay, facial dysmorphism, cleft palate, and hypospadias. The karyotype showed a small SRC in mosaic. The combination of FISH, M-FISH and array-CGH was necessary for a complete characterization of this SRC. M-FISH revealed that the SRC originated from chromosome 7. Array-CGH performed with a 400K oligonucleotide array showed a gain in region 7q22.1q31.1 present in low mosaic. This result was confirmed by FISH using BAC probes specific for chromosome 7. The SRC was a neocentric ring derived from 7q22.1q31.1 and was found in only 8% of the cells. This is the first patient carrying a mosaic neocentric SRC derived from the long arm of chromosome 7. Our study emphasizes the need to combine different techniques and to use adapted bioinformatic tools for low-mosaicism marker identification. It also contributes to the delineation of the partial trisomy 7q phenotype.