Supplementary Material for: Characteristics of Spinal Cord Stroke in Clinical Neurology

2011-11-10T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Romi F. Naess H.
Spinal cord stroke accounts for about 0.3% of all strokes in our department. Thirty-two patients (15 males, 17 females; mean age 63.3 years) treated in the period 1995–2010 were included. Patients underwent thorough investigation including the use of different stroke scales (National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, Barthel Index and modified Rankin Scale). Twenty-eight patients had infarctions, 3 had hemorrhages, and 1 had arterio-venous fistula. Twenty-eight spinal cord strokes were spontaneous, 2 were secondary to aorta aneurysms, and 2 post surgery. Biphasic ictus was seen in 17% of all spontaneous infarctions. Younger age, male gender, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and higher blood glucose on admission regardless of diabetes mellitus, were risk factors associated with more severe spinal cord stroke. Treatment and prevention of these risk factors should be essential in spinal cord stroke. We recommend a clinical classification into upper (cervical) and lower (thoracic or medullary conus) spinal cord strokes. Patients with upper strokes in this study had more severe strokes initially, but they had a better prognosis. Therefore it is important to identify this patient group.Acute sensory spinal cord deficit symptoms, common initial symptoms in biphasic spinal cord strokes, should be considered as possible spinal cord stroke, especially when preceded by radiating pain between the shoulders.