Supplementary Material for: Angelman Syndrome Caused by Chromosomal Rearrangements: A Case Report of 46,XX,+der(13)t(13;15)(q14.1;q12)mat,-15 with an Atypical Phenotype and Review of the Literature
2016-10-21T10:02:55Z (GMT) by
<br>Less than 1% of the cases with Angelman syndrome (AS) are caused by chromosomal rearrangements. This category of AS is not well defined and may manifest atypical phenotypes. Here, we report a girl with AS due to der(13)t(13;15)(q14.1;q12)mat. SNP array detected the precise deletion/duplication points and the parental origin of the 15q deletion. Multicolor FISH confirmed a balanced translocation t(13;15)(q14.1;q12) in her mother. Her facial appearance showed some features of dup(13)(pter→q14). Also, she lacked the most characteristic and unique behavioral symptoms of AS, i.e., frequent laughter, happy demeanor, and easy excitability. A review of the literature indicated that AS cases caused by chromosomal rearrangements can be classified into 2 major categories and 4 groups. The first category is paternal uniparental disomy 15, which is subdivided into isodisomy by de novo rob(15;15) and heterodisomy caused by paternal translocation. The second category is the deletion of the AS locus due to maternal reciprocal translocation, which is subdivided into 2 groups associated with partial monosomy by 3:1 segregation and partial trisomy by adjacent-2 segregation. Classification into these categories facilitates the understanding of the mechanisms of chromosomal rearrangements and helps in accurate diagnosis and genetic counseling of these rare forms of AS.