Supplementary Material for: Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome in a Family of Warmblood Horses Caused by a 25-bp Deletion of the DNA-Binding Domain of the Androgen Receptor Gene

Testicular feminization, an earlier term coined for describing a syndrome resulting from failure of masculinization of target organs by androgen secretions during embryo development, has been well documented not only in humans but also in the domestic horse. The pathology, actually referred to as androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS), has been proposed to follow an X-linked recessive pattern of inheritance in some horse breeds already investigated. Affected individuals are characterized by a female phenotype but with a stallion genotype of 64,XY SRY+ constitution. We identified a Warmblood horse pedigree segregating AIS, where the molecular analyses of the androgen receptor gene in the family provided evidences that a 25-bp deletion of the DNA-binding domain is causative of this equine syndrome.