Supplemenatry Material for: Use of Tyramide-Fluorescence in situ Hybridization and Chromosome Microdissection for Ascertaining Homology Relationships and Chromosome Linkage Group Associations in Oats

The physical mapping of single locus sequences by tyramide-fluorescence in situ hybridization (Tyr-FISH) and the analysis of sequences obtained from microdissected chromosomes were assayed as potential tools for (1) determining homology and homoeology among chromosome regions of <i>Avena</i> species, and (2) establishing associations between linkage groups and specific chromosomes. Low copy number probes, derived from resistance gene analogues (RGAs) and 2.8–4.5 kb long, successfully produced hybridization signals on specific chromosomes. Four sets of homoeologous chromosome regions were identified in the hexaploids using 3 probes that produced 4 single locus markers in <i>A. strigosa</i> and 2 in <i>A. eriantha</i>. Laser capture microdissection of metaphase I cells of <i>A. sativa</i> monosomic lines allowed the isolation of critical univalents. Sequences derived from 2 RGAs were successfully amplified in DNA extracted from univalents. In one instance, it was possible to map a nucleotide polymorphism specific for 1 chromosome. An association was established between this chromosome and its linkage groups in 2 hexaploid genetic maps. The results indicate that Tyr-FISH is useful in the characterization of homoeologous chromosome segments in hexaploids, whereas chromosome microdissection, as employed in this work, needs to be improved before it can routinely be used with meiotic chromosomes.