Study of the surface properties and surface concentration of ionic liquid–alcohol mixtures
Surface properties for three binary mixtures containing a 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium thiocyanate ([BMIM][SCN]) and a long-chain alcohol (1-butanol, 1-pentanol and 1-hexanol) were determined by surface tension data at the following temperatures: (298.15, 308.15, 318.15, 328.15 and 338.15) K. The surface tension data over the entire mole fraction range are correlated by the Fu et al.(FLW) and Myers-Scott (MS) models. There is good agreement between the experimental data and the results of correlations for 15 binary systems (the three systems at five temperatures) with an average relative error below 1.5%. In addition, the UNIFAC group contribution method is applied for calculation of activity coefficients of components in solution. Moreover, the relative adsorptions of alcohol at the air/liquid interface are determined using Gibbs adsorption isotherm. The obtained results show that the values of adsorption for mixtures of alcohols/[BMIM][SCN] increase with increasing the alkyl chain length of alcohol and decreasing temperature.