Single-Crystal Structures, Optical Absorptions, and Electronic Distributions of Thorium Oxychalcogenides ThOQ (Q = S, Se, Te)

The compounds ThOS, ThOSe, and ThOTe have been synthesized, and their structures have been determined by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction methods. All three compounds adopt the PbFCl structure type in the tetragonal space group D4h7P4/nmm. More precise crystallographic data have been obtained for ThOS and ThOSe, which had previously only been known from X-ray powder diffraction data. ThOS, ThOSe, and ThOTe are yellow-, orange-, and black-colored, respectively. From single-crystal optical absorption measurements the band gaps are 2.22, 1.65, and 1.45 eV, respectively. Optical band gaps, ionic charges, and densities of states were calculated for the three compounds with the use of Density Functional methods.