Roll enriched with Nile tilapia meal: sensory, nutritional, technological and microbiological characteristics

<div><p>Abstract This study evaluated the chemical composition, fatty acid profile, technological quality, sensory profile and microbiological characteristics of rolls with inclusion of 0, 5, 10 and 15% meal prepared with tilapia carcasses. Moisture and carbohydrate content were linearly reduced (P < 0.05) with increasing inclusion of tilapia meal, but a linear increase (P < 0.0001) was observed in protein (9.91 to 14.30%) and ash (1.74 to 4.65%) content. Lipids and calorific value of the rolls were not affected (P > 0.05) by inclusion levels, but 15% tilapia meal resulted in greater amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids (4.63%) in relation to 0% inclusion (4.46%). There was a linear increase (P < 0.0001) in the firmness of the breads (3.65 to 13.17N) and a linear decrease (P < 0.001) in volume and specific volume. Sensory attributes showed a negative linear effect (P < 0.01), with acceptance rates ranging from 85.24% (0% inclusion) to 70.57% (15% inclusion). It can be concluded that the inclusion of 5 to 15% tilapia meal in roll is effective to increase the protein, mineral matter, polyunsaturated fatty acids and the firmness of the roll, in addition to reducing carbohydrates and volume. Considering the reduction in sensory acceptance, it is recommended to use up to 10% tilapia meal in rolls.</p></div>