Performance of Two Fluorescence-Based Real-Time Bioaerosol Detectors: BioScout vs. UVAPS
A 405 nm diode laser-based on-line bioaerosol detector, BioScout, was tested and compared with the Ultraviolet Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (UVAPS). Both instruments are based on laser-induced fluorescence of particles. Only a fraction of microbial particles produce enough fluorescence light to be detected by the instruments. This fluorescent particle fraction (FPF) is aerosol and instrument specific. The FPF values for common bacterial and fungal spores and biochemical particles were experimentally determined for both instruments. The BioScout exhibited higher FPF values for all the test aerosols except coenzyme NADH. The difference was higher for smaller particles. The FPF values of fungal spores and bacteria varied between 0.34 to 0.77 and 0.13 to 0.54 for the BioScout and the UVAPS, respectively. The results indicate that the 405 nm diode laser is a useful excitation source for fluorescence-based real-time detection of microbial aerosols. The FPF results of this study can be utilized to estimate the actual concentrations of bacterial and fungal spores in fluorescence-based ambient measurements.
Copyright 2014 American Association for Aerosol Research