Optimization of novel and greener approach for the coproduction of uricase and alkaline protease in <i>Bacillus licheniformis</i> by Box–Behnken model

2017-11-21T03:53:21Z (GMT) by Shweta V. Pawar Virendra K. Rathod
<p>This study explores a novel concept of coproduction of uricase and alkaline protease by <i>Bacillus licheniformis</i> using single substrate in single step. Seven local bacterial strains were screened for uricase production, amongst which <i>B. licheniformis</i> is found to produce highest uricase along with alkaline protease. Optimization of various factors influencing maximum enzyme coproduction by <i>B. licheniformis</i> is performed. Maximum enzyme productivity of 0.386 U/mL uricase and 0.507 U/mL alkaline protease is obtained at 8 hr of incubation period, 1% (v/v) inoculum, and at 0.2% (w/v) uric acid when the organism is cultivated at 25°C, 180 rpm, in a media containing xylose as a carbon source, urea as a nitrogen source, and initial pH of 9.5. The statistical experimental design method of Box–Behnken was further applied to obtain optimal concentration of significant parameters such as pH (9.5), uric acid concentration (0.1%), and urea concentration (0.05%). The maximum uricase and alkaline protease production by <i>B. licheniformis</i> using Box–Behnken design was 0.616 and 0.582 U/mL, respectively, with 1.6- and 1.13-fold increase as compared to one factor at a time optimized media. This study will be useful to develop an economic, commercially viable, and scalable process for simultaneous production of uricase and protease enzymes.</p>