Novel Diglycolamic Acid Functionalized Iron Oxide Particles for the Mutual Separation of Eu(III) and Am(III)

<div><p>Iron oxide (Fe<sub>3</sub>O<sub>4</sub>) particles functionalized with diglycolamic acid (Fe-DGAH) were synthesized and characterized by TG-DTA, X-Ray diffraction,<sup>1</sup>H NMR, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The extraction behavior of Am(III) and Eu(III) in Fe-DGAH was studied from dilute nitric acid medium to examine the feasibility for the mutual separation of trivalent actinides and lanthanides using Fe-DGAH. For this purpose, the effect of various parameters such as the duration of equilibration and concentrations of europium, nitric acid, and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) in the aqueous phase on the distribution ratio (<i>K</i><sub>d</sub>) of Am(III) and Eu(III) was studied. The conditions needed for the efficient separation of Am(III) from Eu(III) were optimized using DTPA. The distribution ratio of ˜10<sup>4</sup> mL/g was obtained for both Am(III) and Eu(III) at pH 3, and it decreased with an increase in the concentration of nitric acid. However, a separation factor of Eu(III) over Am(III) of ˜150 was achieved in the presence of DTPA. Rapid sorption of metal ions in the initial stages of equilibration followed by the establishment of equilibrium occurred within 2 h. The sorption data were fitted to the Langmuir adsorption model, and the apparent europium sorption capacity was determined to be ˜50 mg/g. The study indicated the feasibility of using Fe-DGAH particles for magnetic separation of Eu(III) from Am(III) with high separation factors. </p></div>