Neither in the convent nor in the cabaret, in the working-class press: the enlargement of the discursive spheres of the working woman in the Old Republic
Abstract In this article, we investigated how the writing of the working women influenced and reflected the reality of the time in the Brazilian working-class press in the Old Republic (1889-1930). Thereunto, this study, based on the theory of dialogic discourse, firstly opposes two wrong theses that come from elites’ imaginary, which, in their representations, they put the working women of that time sometimes in the convent, sometimes in the cabaret, fact that restricted their discursive spheres, as well as the possibilities of their linguistic performances. Then, the article presents the relation between the working women and the working-class press as another history of their language. Despite of all tries to get the voices of the working women to be quiet, through the imposition of discipline, the censorship or the stereotypes, this study shows the texts produced by the working women at the working-class press demonstrate their resistance and point out the confrontations whereby the enlargement of their discursive spheres happened at that time.