Naming and story gist in aphasia (Richardson et al., 2018)

<div><b>Purpose: </b>The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between picture naming performance and the ability to communicate the gist, or essential elements, of a story. We also sought to determine if this relationship varied according to Western Aphasia Battery–Revised (WAB-R; Kertesz, 2007) aphasia subtype.</div><div><b>Method:</b> Demographic information, test scores, and transcripts of 258 individuals with aphasia completing 3 narrative tasks were retrieved from the AphasiaBank database. Narratives were subjected to a main concept analysis to determine gist production. A correlation analysis was used to investigate the relationship between naming scores and main concept production for the whole group of persons with aphasia and for WAB-R subtypes separately.</div><div><b>Results: </b>We found strong correlations between naming test scores and narrative gist production for the large sample of persons with aphasia. However, the strength of the correlations varied by WAB-R subtype. </div><div><b>Conclusions: </b>Picture naming may accurately predict gist production for individuals with Broca’s and Wernicke’s aphasia, but not for other WAB-R subtypes. Given the current reprioritization of outcome measurement, picture naming may not be an appropriate surrogate measure for functional communication for all persons with aphasia.</div><div><br></div><div><b>Supplemental Material S1.</b> Western Aphasia Battery–Revised Aphasia Quotient (WAB-R-AQ) component scores and spontaneous speech fluency scores for all participants and by aphasia subtype.</div><div><br></div><div>Richardson, J. D., Dalton, S. G., Fromm, D., Forbes, M., Holland, A., & MacWhinney, B. (2018). The relationship between confrontation naming and story gist production in aphasia. <i>American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 27</i>(1S), 406–422.</div>