Molecular Structures and Energetics of the (TiO<sub>2</sub>)<sub><i>n</i></sub> (<i>n</i> = 1−4) Clusters and Their Anions

2008-07-24T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Shenggang Li David A. Dixon
The (TiO<sub>2</sub>)<sub>n</sub> clusters and their anions for <i>n</i> = 1−4 have been studied with coupled cluster theory [CCSD(T)] and density functional theory (DFT). For <i>n</i> > 1, numerous conformations are located for both the neutral and anionic clusters, and their relative energies are calculated at both the DFT and CCSD(T) levels. The CCSD(T) energies are extrapolated to the complete basis set limit for the monomer and dimer and calculated up to the triple-ζ level for the trimer and tetramer. The adiabatic and vertical electron detachment energies of the anionic clusters to the ground and first excited states of the neutral clusters are calculated at both levels and compared with the experimental results. The comparison allows for the definitive assignment of the ground-state structures of the anionic clusters. Anions of the dimer and tetramer are found to have very closely lying conformations within 2 kcal/mol at the CCSD(T) level, whereas that of the trimer does not. In addition, accurate clustering energies and heats of formation are calculated for the neutral clusters and compared with the available experimental data. Estimates of the titanium−oxygen bond energies show that they are stronger than the group VIB transition metal−oxygen bonds except for tungsten. The atomization energies of these clusters display much stronger basis set dependence than the clustering energies. This allows the calculation of more accurate heats of formation for larger clusters on the basis of calculated clustering energies.