Microbial Baeyer−Villiger Oxidation:  Stereopreference and Substrate Acceptance of Cyclohexanone Monooxygenase Mutants Prepared by Directed Evolution

An array of random mutants of cyclohexanone monooxygenase (CHMO) from <i>Acinetobacter</i> sp. NCIMB 9871 was screened against a library of structurally diverse ketones for modifications in the substrate acceptance profile and stereopreference of the enzymatic Baeyer−Villiger biooxidation. While the set of mutant biocatalysts was initially evolved for the enantiocomplementary oxidation of 4-hydroxycyclohexanone, improved and/or divergent stereoselectivities were observed for several substrates. In addition, expanded substrate acceptance to facilitate biotransformation of sterically demanding ketones was found.