Metal sulfide: An efficient promoter for the synthesis of 2-mercaptobenzothiazoles from 2-haloanilines and carbon disulfide

A convenient method has been developed for the preparation of a variety of 2-mercaptobenzothiazoles from 2-haloanilines and CS2 mediated by metal sulfide. In this reaction, 2-haloanilines reacted with CS2 in the presence of Na2S · 9H2O to form 2-mercaptobenzothiazoles. Na2S · 9H2O functioned both as an activator of CS2 and as a base. Furthermore, NMR analysis was used to identify the different reaction mechanisms of 2-haloanilines and CS2 mediated by Na2S or 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU), which demonstrated that Na2S interacted only with CS2, while DBU reacted with both 2-iodoaniline and CS2.