Ion Diffusion Coefficients Through Polyelectrolyte Multilayers: Temperature and Charge Dependence

2011-07-05T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Ramy A. Ghostine Joseph B. Schlenoff
The diffusion coefficient is a fundamental parameter for devices exploiting the ion transport properties of polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMUs) and complexes. Here, the transport of ferricyanide through a multilayer made from poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMA) and polystyrene sulfonate (PSS) was studied as a function of temperature or salt concentration. Accurate and precise measurements of ion diffusion coefficients were obtained using steady-state electrochemistry to determine the flux and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to measure the PEMU concentration. It was found that the concentration of ferricyanide inside the film decreased with temperature. Membrane transport is strongly thermally activated with activation energy 98 kJ mol<sup>–1</sup>. A potential shift with decreasing salt concentration in cyclic voltammograms was translated into a differential flux caused by significantly higher diffusion coefficients for ferricyanide as compared to ferrocyanide.