Integrating Zeolite-Type Chalcogenide with Titanium Dioxide Nanowires for Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Activity

Developing photoanodes with efficient visible-light harvesting and excellent charge separation still remains a key challenge in photoelectrochemical water splitting. Here zeolite-type chalcogenide CPM-121 is integrated with TiO<sub>2</sub> nanowires to form a heterostructured photoanode, in which crystalline CPM-121 particles serve as a visible light absorber and TiO<sub>2</sub> nanowires serve as an electron conductor. Owing to the small band gap of chalcogenides, the hybrid electrode demonstrates obvious absorption in visible-light range. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) shows that electron transport in the hybrid electrode has been significantly facilitated due to the heterojunction formation. A >3-fold increase in photocurrent is observed on the hybrid electrode under visible-light illumination when it is used as a photoanode in a neutral electrolyte without sacrificial agents. This study opens up a new avenue to explore the potential applications of crystalline porous chalcogenide materials for solar-energy conversion in photoelectrochemistry.