Insight into the structural requirements of thiophene-3-carbonitriles-based MurF inhibitors by 3D-QSAR, molecular docking and molecular dynamics study

2017-08-03T08:15:28Z (GMT) by Mohammed Afzal Azam Srikanth Jupudi
<p>The discovery of clinically relevant inhibitors against MurF enzyme has proven to be a challenging task. In order to get further insight into the structural features required for the MurF inhibitory activity, we performed pharmacophore and atom-based three-dimensional quantitative structure–activity relationship studies for novel thiophene-3-carbonitriles based MurF inhibitors. The five-feature pharmacophore model was generated using 48 inhibitors having IC<sub>50</sub> values ranging from 0.18 to 663 μm. The best-fitted model showed a higher coefficient of determination (<i>R</i><sup>2</sup> = 0.978), cross-validation coefficient (<i>Q</i><sup>2</sup> = 0.8835) and Pearson coefficient (0.9406) at four component partial least-squares factor. The model was validated with external data set and enrichment study. The effectiveness of the docking protocol was validated by docking the co-crystallized ligand into the catalytic pocket of MurF enzyme. Further, binding free energy calculated by the molecular mechanics generalized Born surface area approach showed that van der Waals and non-polar solvation energy terms are the main contributors to ligand binding in the active site of MurF enzyme. A 10-ns molecular dynamic simulation was performed to confirm the stability of the 3ZM6-ligand complex. Four new molecules are also designed as potent MurF inhibitors. These results provide insights regarding the development of novel MurF inhibitors with better binding affinity.</p>