Influence of substrates on the <i>in vitro</i> kinetics of steviol glucuronidation and interaction between steviol glycosides metabolites and UGT2B7

<p>Steviol glycosides, a natural sweetener, may perform bioactivities via steviol, their main metabolite in human digestion. The metabolising kinetics, i.e. glucuronidation kinetics and interaction between steviol glycosides or their metabolites and metabolising enzyme, are important for understanding the bioactivity and cytotoxicity. The present study investigated kinetics of steviol glucuronidation in human liver microsome and a recombinant human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases isomer, UGT2B7, along with molecular docking to analyse interaction between UGT2B7 and steviol or glucose. The active pocket of UGT2B7 is consisted of Arg352, Leu347, Lys343, Phe339, Tyr354, Lys355 and Leu353. The influence of stevioside, rebaudioside A, glucose and some chemotherapy reagents on the glucuronidation was also studied. The predicted hepatic clearence suggested that steviol could be classified as high-clearence drug. The steviol glycosides did not affect the glucuronidation of steviol notably.</p>