Erratum: Rare RET Variant p.D707E in a Chinese Pedigree with Hereditary Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma

Background: Hereditary medullary thyroid carcinoma (HMTC) is thought to be associated with germline mutations of the RET proto-oncogene. Methods: We detected RET proto-oncogene germline mutations from a pedigree with HMTC in the east of China and investigated the characteristics of these mutations in this pedigree and their correlation with HMTC by direct sequencing of all 21 exons in the RET gene of all 46 subjects. Results and Conclusion: (1) Thirteen types of RET gene variants were detected in this pedigree. Of these, p.F285S in exon 4, c.854_855CA in exon 4, and p.D707E in exon 11 are reported for the first time in our study. (2) Both linkage disequilibrium analysis and logistic regression analysis showed a significant correlation between the p.D707E variant and HMTC (LOD = 3.69, OR = 4.413, p = 0.000167), indicating that this variant is a risk factor for medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). (3) The single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) G691S in exon 11 (rs1799939), S904S in exon 15 (rs1800863), and rs2075912 and rs2565200 in the 3′-untranslated region of the RET proto-oncogene are in complete linkage disequilibrium (D' = 1, r2 = 1); no correlation of these SNP and MTC was observed in this pedigree. (4) No hot-spot mutation of the RET proto-oncogene was detected in this pedigree. We drew the conclusion that the heterozygous nonsynonymous variant p.D707E in the RET proto-oncogene is rare, but it is a risk factor for hereditary MTC.