Enhanced Photocatalytic Degradation of RhB Driven by Visible Light-Induced MMCT of Ti(IV)−O−Fe(II) Formed in Fe-Doped SrTiO3

2008-07-03T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Tai-Hua Xie Xiaoyan Sun Jun Lin
It is important to reveal the origin of the visible light-induced photocatalytic activity of transition metal-doped SrTiO3 in which an isolated energy level is created by the dopant in the forbidden band gap. In this particle, the photocatalytic and photophysical properties of pure SrTiO3 and Fe-doped SrTiO3 were investigated comparatively. The Fe-doped SrTiO3 has been shown to have a much higher photocatalytic activity than pure SrTiO3 for the degradation of RhB under visible light irradiation. It was showed that doping Fe into SrTiO3 exhibited an absorption extending up to the visible region in the optical absorption spectrum and established the TiIV−O−FeII heterobimetallic linkages in the host. Difference diffuse reflectance spectra revealed that the absorption in the visible region is partly attributed to the metal-to-metal charge-transfer (MMCT) excitation of TiIV−O−FeII linkage formed in the Fe-doped SrTiO3. The visible light excitation of TiIV−O−FeII linkage was demonstrated to be the cause of the enhanced degradation of RhB. Furthermore, it was noted that the TiIV−O−FeII linkages only onto and nearest the surface of the Fe-doped SrTiO3 behavior as active sites for the visible light-induced photocatalysis.