Efficient Functionalization of Oligonucleotides by New Achiral Nonnucleosidic Monomers

A novel synthetic strategy has been designed for preparation of achiral nonnucleosidic phosphoramidite monomers for automated solid-phase oligonucleotide synthesis. It is based on O-DMTr-protected 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-morpholine-2,3-dione as the key compound and a family of building blocks obtained by its ring-opening by primary aliphatic amines. A series of nonnucleosidic phosphoramidites containing various side-chain functionalities was synthesized, and corresponding oligodeoxyribonucleotides incorporating modified units in single or multiple positions along the chain were prepared.