Efficacy and safety of benralizumab for eosinophilic asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

<p><i>Context</i>: Benralizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that targets the α chain of the IL-5 receptor (IL-5Rα) and is currently being assessed in clinical trials for asthma control. <i>Objective</i>: Our systematic review and meta-analysis intends to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of benralizumab in patients with eosinophilic asthma. <i>Data sources and extraction</i>: Literature searches of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were performed to identify randomized controlled trials of benralizumab and clinic outcomes in asthmatics. <i>Results</i>: In total, 7 articles with 2,321 subjects met our inclusion criteria. From this pooled analysis, we found that benralizumab significantly reduces exacerbations (RR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.52–0.76, <i>p</i> < 0.00001; <i>I</i><sup>2</sup> = 52%, <i>p</i> = 0.06) compared to placebo in eosinophilic asthma. There was no statistical trend for improvement in forced expiratory volume in 1 second or asthma control indices such as Quality of Life Assessment (AQLQ) and Asthma Control Questionnaire score in benralizumab-treated patients. In addition, safety data indicated that benralizumab administration resulted no increasing incidence of adverse events and was well tolerated (RR: 1.00, 95% CI: 0.95–1.05, <i>p</i> = 0.96; <i>I</i><sup>2</sup> = 40%, <i>p</i> = 0.13). <i>Conclusion</i>: These results demonstrate the efficacy and safety of benralizumab for asthma patients with severe or uncontrolled symptoms and elevated eosinophils and provide support for benralizumab as an ideal option to treat asthma in this patient population.</p>