Dynamic Behavior of N‑Heterocyclic Carbene Boranes: Boron–Carbene Bonds in <i>B</i>,<i>B</i>‑Disubstituted <i>N</i>,<i>N</i>‑Dimethylimidazol-2-ylidene Boranes Have Substantial Rotation Barriers
2015-05-01T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
Dynamic NMR spectroscopy has been used to measure rotation barriers in five <i>B</i>,<i>B</i>-disubstituted 1,3-dimethylimidazol-2-ylidene boranes. The barriers are attributed to the sp<sup>2</sup>–sp<sup>3</sup> bond between C(1) of the N-heterocyclic carbene ring and the boron atom. Bonds to boron atoms bearing a thexyl (1,1,2-trimethylpropyl) group show especially high barriers, ranging from 75–86 kJ mol<sup>–1</sup>. 2-Isopropyl-1,3,5-trimethylbenzene is used as a comparable to help understand the nature and magnitude of the barriers.