Dataset for: Processing of interaural phase differences in components of harmonic and mistuned complexes in the inferior colliculus of the Mongolian gerbil

Harmonicity as well as spatial location provide eminent cues for the perceptual grouping of sounds. In general, harmonicity is a strong grouping cue. In contrast, spatial cues such as interaural phase or time difference provide for strong grouping of stimulus sequences but weak grouping for simultaneously presented sounds. By studying the neuronal basis underlying the interaction of these cues in processing simultaneous sounds using van Rossum spike train distance measures, we aim at explaining the interaction observed in psychophysical experiments. Responses to interaural phase differences imposed on single components of harmonic and mistuned complex tones as well as noise delay functions were recorded as multiunit responses from the inferior colliculus of Mongolian gerbils. Results revealed a better representation of interaural phase differences if imposed on a harmonic rather than a mistuned frequency component of a complex tone. The representation of interaural phase differences was better for long integration-time windows approximately reflecting firing rates rather than short integration-time windows reflecting the temporal pattern of the stimulus-driven response. We found only a weak impact of interaural phase differences if combined with mistuning of a component in a harmonic tone complex.