Dataset for: NMR Elucidation of Monomer-dimer transition and Conformational heterogeneity in Histone-like DNA binding protein of <i>Helicobacter pylori</i> (Hup)

<i>Helicobacter pylori</i> (<i>H. pylori</i>) colonizes under harsh acidic/oxidative stress conditions of human gastrointestinal tract and can survive there for infinitely longer durations of host life. The bacterium expresses several harbinger proteins to facilitate its persistent colonization under such conditions. One such protein in <i>H. pylori</i> is Histone like DNA binding protein (Hup) which in its homo-dimeric form binds to DNA to perform various DNA dependent cellular activities. Further, it also plays an important role in protecting the genomic DNA from oxidative stress and acidic denaturation. Legitimately, if the binding of Hup to DNA is suppressed, it will directly impact on the survival of the bacterium, thus making Hup a potential therapeutic target for developing new anti-<i>H. pylori</i> agents. However, to inhibit the binding of Hup to DNA, it is necessary to gain detailed insights into the molecular and structural basis of Hup-dimerization and its binding mechanism to DNA. As a first step in this direction, we report here the NMR assignments and structural features of Hup at pH of 6.0. The study revealed the occurrence of dynamic equilibrium between its monomer and dimer conformations. The dynamic equilibrium was found shifting towards dimer both at low temperature and pH; whereas DNA binding studies evidenced that the protein binds to DNA in its dimeric form. These preliminary investigations correlate very well with the diverse functionality of protein and will form the basis for future studies aiming to develop novel anti-<i>H. pylori</i> agents employing structure-based-rational drug discovery approach.