Dataset for: Diabetic rats present higher urinary loss of proteins and lower renal expression of megalin, cubilin, ClC-5 and CFTR

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) occurs in around 40% of those with diabetes. Proteinuria is the main characteristic of DN and develops as a result of increased permeability of the glomerulus capillary wall and/or decreased proximal tubule endocytosis. The goal of this work was to evaluate renal function and the expression of megalin, cubilin, CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) and ClC-5 in the proximal tubule and renal cortex of rats with type 1 diabetes. Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to control (CTRL) and diabetic (DM) groups for 4 weeks. Renal function was assessed in 24-h urine by calculating clearance and fractional excretion of solutes. The RNA and protein content of ClC-5, CFTR, megalin and cubilin was determined in the renal proximal tubule and cortex using real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting techniques, respectively. The results showed higher creatinine clearance and higher urinary excretion of proteins, albumin and transferrin in the DM group than in the CTRL group. Furthermore, the renal cortex and proximal tubule of diabetic animals showed downregulation of megalin, cubilin, ClC-5 and CFTR, critical components of the endocytic apparatus. These data suggest dysfunction in proximal tubule low-molecular-weight endocytosis and protein glomerulus filtration in the kidney of diabetic rats.