DNA Cleavage Potency, Cytotoxicity, and Mechanism of Action of a Novel Class of Enediyne Prodrugs

We have discovered a novel class of (<i>E</i>)-3-acyloxy-4-(arylmethylidene)cyclodeca-1,5-diynes which exhibit promising enediyne-like DNA cleavage and cytotoxic activities. LC-MS analysis of the incubation mixture (pH 8.5, 37 °C) confirmed formation of 10-membered ring enediyne presumably via an allylic cation and suggested that the 1,4-benzenoid diradical might be one of the active species for DNA damage and cytotoxicity.