Cross-slip in face-centered cubic metals: a general Escaig stress-dependent activation energy line tension model

2017-12-01T12:37:20Z (GMT) by Alon Malka-Markovitz Dan Mordehai
<p>Cross-slip is a dislocation mechanism by which screw dislocations can change their glide plane. This thermally activated mechanism is an important mechanism in plasticity and understanding the energy barrier for cross-slip is essential to construct reliable cross-slip rules in dislocation models. In this work, we employ a line tension model for cross-slip of screw dislocations in face-centred cubic (FCC) metals in order to calculate the energy barrier under Escaig stresses. The analysis shows that the activation energy is proportional to the stacking fault energy, the unstressed dissociation width and a typical length for cross-slip along the dislocation line. Linearisation of the interaction forces between the partial dislocations yields that this typical length is related to the dislocation length that bows towards constriction during cross-slip. We show that the application of Escaig stresses on both the primary and the cross-slip planes varies the typical length for cross-slip and we propose a stress-dependent closed form expression for the activation energy for cross-slip in a large range of stresses. This analysis results in a stress-dependent activation volume, corresponding to the typical volume surrounding the stressed dislocation at constriction. The expression proposed here is shown to be in agreement with previous models, and to capture qualitatively the essentials found in atomistic simulations. The activation energy function can be easily implemented in dislocation dynamics simulations, owing to its simplicity and universality.</p>