Criminality, Violence and Justice in Tamaduá Village, Brazil: The Reconstruction of Criminal Statistics from the Empire to the Republic

2018-04-01T03:00:24Z (GMT) by Ivan Vellasco Cristiana Viegas Andrade
<p></p><p>Abstract The purpose of this paper is to present the first results of the crime and justice mapping research in the nineteenth century and the first three decades of the twentieth century Minas Gerais, more specifically the region of Comarca do Rio das Mortes. The estimation of crime rates over the one century period, associated with the analysis of its geographical distribution, allowed us to observe changes occurred in the application of justice and in its control agencies, as well as the impact of changes over conflicts, violence and order negotiation. The data analysed in this paper is about the area of the old town of Tamanduá, now called Itapecerica, and its surroundings, with a total of 1133 criminal cases occurred between 1829 and 1930. The results show an exponential increase in the number of violent cases starting from the last decade of the nineteenth century. In an attempt to explain this change in the trend we work with a hypothesis of a collapse of the justice system with the implementation of the Republic.</p><p></p>