## Comparison of flow diagrams and vector death rates between the ODE and IBM frameworks.

**(A)** The compartmentalised system of differential equations for a vector-borne pathogen assumes constant vector mortality rates from each state of infection. **(B)** Constant vector mortality rates result in exponential age distribution of vectors (with 1/*μ*_{V} = 21.3), with a high proportion of individuals living far beyond their life-expectancy. **(C)** The transmission cycle of a vector-borne pathogen used in the individual-based model highlighting the dependency of the infectious period and the probability of surviving the extrinsic incubation period on the mortality rate of vectors. **(D)** The age distribution of vectors under three different Weibull distributed mortality risks with an increasing dependency on vector age (light blue to dark blue with *c*_{V} = 2, 4, 6 and *d*_{V} = 23).