Comparison of ß-lactam plus aminoglycoside versus ß-lactam plus fluoroquinolone empirical therapy in serious nosocomial infections due to Gram-negative bacilli

<p>We sought to compare clinical cure on day 7 and a 28-day all-cause mortality in patients who received an anti-pseudomonal ß-lactam with a fluoroquinolone or an aminoglycoside for treatment of nosocomial bacteremia or pneumonia due to Gram-negative bacilli while in the ICU. This retrospective cohort study was conducted in critically ill patients at an academic medical centre from January 2005 to August 2011. A total of 129 patients (83 receiving aminoglycoside and 46 receiving fluoroquinolone combinations) were included. Seven-day clinical cure rates were 74% and 72% for fluoroquinolone and aminoglycoside groups, respectively (<i>p</i> = 0.84). There was no significant difference in the odds of clinical cure with a fluoroquinolone as compared to an aminoglycoside combination (adjusted odds ratio 2.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.7–9.0). There was no significant difference in 28-day mortality in patients who received a fluoroquinolone or an aminoglycoside combination (22% vs. 18%, adjusted hazard ratio 0.82, 95% CI 0.29–2.28).</p>