Comparative chemical fingerprinting of Oroxylum indicum and Scutellaria baicalensis using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry

Introduction: Identification of Oroxylum indicum and Scutellaria baicalensis provides an interesting challenge in selection of biomarker compound to be used in routine analysis. Both plants have similar phytochemical profile and are rich sources of flavones and flavone glycosides. The objective of this study was to prepare the chemical fingerprinting of O. indicum bark and S. baicalensis roots using the liquid chromatography and mass spectroscopy in single chromatographic method. Materials and methods: Extracts prepared using various solvent systems (methanol, aqueous methanol, chloroform, hexane, and water) of both plants were analyzed using C18 reverse phase column with solvent system containing acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid. Major flavonoids were identified based on mass spectra, fragmentation pattern, and UV spectra. Results: In this article, well-resolved high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) separation in both plant extracts was obtained and chemical fingerprints for both plant extracts were established and flavonoids present (baicalin, oroxylin A-7-O-glucuronide, chrysin-7-O-glucuronide, baicalein, chrysin, oroxylin-A, wogonin, skullcap flavone II) were identified as possible biomarkers. Conclusion: Mass spectrometry coupled with HPLC can be a tool for fingerprinting of various natural products used in dietary supplement industry. The fingerprint developed in the article can be used for quality evaluation as well as identifying possible adulteration of extracts of both the plants.