Chiroptical studies on brevianamide B: Vibrational and Electronic Circular Dichroism confronted

<p>Chiroptical spectroscopy, such as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and vibrational circular dichroism (VCD) are highly sensitive techniques to probe molecular conformation, configuration, solvation and aggregation. Here we report the application of these techniques to study the fungal metabolite brevianamide B. Comparison of the experimental ECD and VCD spectra with the density functional theory (DFT) simulated counterparts establishes that VCD is the more reliable technique to assign absolute configuration due to the larger functional and dispersion dependence of computed ECD spectra. Despite a low amount of available material, and a relatively unusual example of using VCD carbonyl multiplets, the absolute configuration could be reliably predicted, strengthening the case for application of VCD in the study of complex natural products. Spectral evidence for or against the formation of a dimeric aggregate is discussed; in solution the VCD spectra strongly suggest only monomeric species are present.</p>