Cement plates and pavers made with waste from the sorting process in Blumenau, SC, Brazil

Abstract This project analysed the physical-mechanical performance of plates and pavers with the incorporation of waste originated from the sorting process in the city of Blumenau, SC, Brazil. The waste consisted of organic waste, polymers, paper, glass and textile materials which were reduced in size (2.4 mm to 19.0 mm) and then used to replace natural aggregate at different ratios: 5%, 10%, 20% and 30%. The consistence of the fresh mortar and the physical-mechanical indices, the apparent specific gravity, water absorption and compressive strength of the hardened mortar were determined. Scanning electron microscopy analysis and flexural strength tests were also conducted. The bulk density of the plates and pavers ranged from 0.8 to 1.6 g.cm-3 and 1.78 to 1.84 g.cm-3 respectively. In the case of low incorporation of waste, both materials presented water absorption results that meet the requirements of correlated standards. The plates presented compressive strength values ranging from 4.7 MPa to 14.6 MPa. Flexural strength results reached values between 0.1 MPa and 1,8 MPa. The pavers achieved compressive strength values between 10.8 MPa and 18.7 MPa. Pavers with 5% incorporation of waste aggregates could be used in sidewalks and curbs, as long as future studies are able to demonstrate their durability.