Celastrol attenuates impairments associated with lipopolysaccharide-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in rats

2017-11-28T06:35:48Z (GMT) by Yongjun Wei Yu Wang
<p>Celastrol, a constituent from a traditional Chinese medicinal herb belonging to the family <i>Celastraceae</i>, has been shown to impart anti-inflammatory properties, in part, by inhibiting NF-κB activity and related induction of pro-inflammatory cytokine formation/release. The present study investigated the effects of celastrol in an animal model of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) induced by intratracheal administration of lipopolysaccharides (LPSs). Celastrol pre-treatment groups received celastrol by intraperitoneal injection on seven consecutive days before LPS treatment. In rats evaluated 24 h after LPS administration, oxygenation indices and lung injury were measured, as were levels of inflammatory cells and cytokines in isolated bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). Lung tissue expression of proteins involved in NF-κB and ERK/MAPK pathways were measured by Western blot analyses. Celastrol pre-treatments appeared to attenuate LPS-induced lung injury and inflammatory responses in the rats, including decreases in inducible aggregation\infiltration of inflammatory cells and production/release of pro-inflammatory cytokines into the lung airways. Celastrol appeared to also inhibit NF-κB activation, but had no effect on ERK/MAPK pathways in the LPS-induced ARDS. The results here thus indicated that celastrol pre-treatment could impart protective effects against LPS-induced ARDS, and that these effects may be occurring through an inhibition of induction of NF-κB signaling pathways.</p>