Assessment of Process Parameters by Friction Surfacing on the Double Layer Deposition

<div><p>The friction surfacing process of two deposited layers on two deposition surface conditions, i.e., a smooth interface and a rough interface, was investigated. The control parameter of the deposition process was the rod feed rate with the use of a conventional milling machine. Analyzes of the surface characterization and microstructural characterization along the produced deposits were performed. The interface strength of the substrate/deposit1 (smooth) and deposit1/deposit2 (rough) was evaluated by bending tests and the micro-hardness profile along the transverse section of the substrate/deposit1 and deposit1/deposit2. The bending tests revealed the presence of smalls delaminations with no evidence of fracture at the rough deposit1/deposit2 interface (D1/D2) with less predominance in the deposition condition 3B. This suggests that the combination of the travel speed of 5.5 mm/s and an increase in the consumable rod feed rate of (≥5.5 mm/s) increases the adhesive strength of the two produced interfaces.</p></div>