Additional file 4: of Understanding pneumococcal serotype 1 biology through population genomic analysis

Recombination events identified in the South African clade (SC1-SA). (a) Maximum likelihood phylogeny showing genetic relationship of the isolates in the SC. Color strips labeled (b) and (c) shows country and continent of origin of the isolates respectively. (d) Annotations in the reference serotype 1 genome. (e) Horizontal tracks from the phylogenetic tips represent each genome. The coloured blocks shows locations of the recombination events in the chromosome. Red blocks show shared recombination events identified in at least two isolate while the blue blocks show strain specific (unique) recombination events. (PDF 641 kb)