Additional file 1: Figure S1. of Differentiation of human umbilical cord Wharton’s jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells into endometrial cells

showing identification of WJ-MSCs. (A) Observation of WJ-MSCs under a phase-contrast microscope. (a) Seven days after the tissues of Wharton’s jelly were plated, many triangular and spindle-shaped cells dissociated from the tissues. (b) About half a month later, these adherent cells were able to reach 80% confluence. (c) Third-generation cells exhibited a spindle shape and upon reaching confluence formed a whirlpool-like pattern. Bar represents 200 μm. (B) Surface antigens of WJ-MSCs in flow cytometry. WJ-MSCs were positive for CD90 and CD105; WJ-MSCs were negative for CD14, CD34, CD45, CD79a, and HLA-DR. Results confirmed that cells were MSCs but nonhematopoietic. (C) Differentiation potential of WJ-MSCs toward osteogenic and adipogenic lineages. Osteogenic differentiation assayed using the von Kossa procedure and adipogenic differentiation determined by formation of lipid vacuoles after induction. (a) No mineralized matrix formation found in WJ-MSCs cultured in regular growth medium. (b) Osteogenic differentiation determined by staining with Alizarin red after osteogeneic induction. (c) No lipid vacuoles found in WJ-MSCs cultured in regular medium. (d) Adipogenic differentiation detected by Oil red O staining. Bar represents 400 μm