A facile preparation of donut-like supramolecular tannic acid-Fe(III) composite as biomaterials with magnetic, conductive, and antioxidant properties

Tannic acid (TA) complexes with various metal ions are prepared in buffer solutions by readily adjusting the pH, but there is no normalizing method to produce ferric tannate complexes. In this study, TA-Fe(III) complex was prepared in reverse microemulsion medium by reaction of TA as ligand with Fe(III) in 1:3 ligand:metal ion molar ratio. The complex was characterized by SEM, AFM, FT-IR, elemental analysis, AAS measurement, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method. Furthermore, magnetic susceptibility was tested with the Gouy method, and electronic spectral studies of TA-Fe(III) complex were completed with solid UV–vis measurements. The thermal stability was also studied by TGA analysis. These studies show that the ligand molecules have octahedral arrangement around Fe(III) and the complex is paramagnetic. The bandgap energy of the complex was calculated as 3.42 eV with solid UV–vis analysis. To determine antioxidant activity of the complex, Total Phenol Content (TPC) and Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Concentration (TEAC) methods were used. The complex has great antioxidant properties with TPC = 45 ± 1 mg L−1 GAE and TEAC = 296 ± 2 mM trolox g−1 for dry sample.