4‑(N,N-Dimethylamino)pyridine Hydrochloride as a Recyclable Catalyst for Acylation of Inert Alcohols: Substrate Scope and Reaction Mechanism

4-(N,N-Dimethylamino)­pyridine hydrochloride (DMAP·HCl), a DMAP salt with the simplest structure, was used as a recyclable catalyst for the acylation of inert alcohols and phenols under base-free conditions. The reaction mechanism was investigated in detail for the first time; DMAP·HCl and the acylating reagent directly formed N-acyl-4-(N′,N′-dimethylamino)­pyridine chloride, which was attacked by the nucleophilic substrate to form a transient intermediate that released the acylation product and regenerated the DMAP·HCl catalyst.