<i>P</i>–<i>T</i> conditions of symplectite formation in the eclogites from the Western Gneiss Region (Norway)

Published on 2018-07-09T09:42:27Z (GMT) by
Symplectite, defined as plagioclase + Ca-pyroxene (±amphibole) intergrowths after omphacite, and kelyphite, defined as amphibole + plagioclase coronas around garnet, are common features of retrogressed eclogites. These textures are related to exhumation under (ultra) high pressure towards the surface, but the estimation of the pressure–temperature (<i>P</i>–<i>T</i>) of symplectite formation is difficult because of the narrowness of pyroxene and plagioclase lamellas, and the compositional variability of the phases. Retrogressed eclogites from Norwegian localities with different eclogite peak conditions have been chosen to investigate the formation of symplectite and associated kelyphite. Thermobarometry calculations show that symplectite crystallizes as soon as the rocks enter the stability field of plagioclase and continues crystallizing until they have reached amphibolite facies. Symplectite yields a pressure range from 18 to 10 kbar, and a temperature range from 700 to 550°C. Amphibole found in the symplectite assemblage crystallizes later, at lower pressures and temperatures (10–4 kbar, 680–420°C). Kelyphite is always associated with well-developed symplectite, when the former omphacite is totally transformed into symplectite. These features likely testify to the influence of an external fluid during retrogression. Samples with limited symplectite and no kelyphite are likely retrogressed with an internal fluid.

Cite this collection

Martin, Céline (2018): PT conditions of symplectite formation in the eclogites from the Western Gneiss Region (Norway). Geological Society of London. Collection.