<i>In vitro</i> mouse spermatogenesis with an organ culture method in chemically defined medium

Published on 2018-02-12T18:45:26Z (GMT) by
<div><p>We previously reported the successful induction and completion of mouse spermatogenesis by culturing neonatal testis tissues. The culture medium consisted of α-minimum essential medium (α-MEM), supplemented with Knockout serum replacement (KSR) or AlbuMAX, neither of which were defined chemically. In this study, we formulated a chemically defined medium (CDM) that can induce mouse spermatogenesis under organ culture conditions. It was found that bovine serum albumin (BSA) purified through three different procedures had different effects on spermatogenesis. We also confirmed that retinoic acid (RA) played crucial roles in the onset of spermatogonial differentiation and meiotic initiation. The added lipids exhibited weak promoting effects on spermatogenesis. Lastly, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and testosterone (T) combined together promoted spermatogenesis until round spermatid production. The CDM, however, was not able to produce elongated spermatids. It was also unable to induce spermatogenesis from the very early neonatal period, before 2 days postpartum, leaving certain factors necessary for spermatogenic induction in mice unidentified. Nonetheless, the present study provided important basic information on testis organ culture and spermatogenesis <i>in vitro</i>.</p></div>

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Sanjo, Hiroyuki; Komeya, Mitsuru; Sato, Takuya; Abe, Takeru; Katagiri, Kumiko; Yamanaka, Hiroyuki; et al. (2018): In vitro mouse spermatogenesis with an organ culture method in chemically defined medium. PLOS ONE. Collection.