Supplementary material from "Waterborne polyurethane as a carbon coating for micrometre-sized silicon-based lithium-ion battery anode material"

Published on 2018-08-09T17:45:29Z (GMT) by
Waterborne polyurethane (WPU) is first used as a carbon-coating source for micrometre-sized silicon. The remaining nitrogen (N) and oxygen (O) heteroatoms during pyrolysis of the WPU interact with the surface oxide on the silicon (Si) particles via hydrogen bonding (Si–OH⋯N and Si–OH⋯O). The N and O atoms involved in the carbon network can interact with the lithium ions, which is conducive to lithium-ion insertion. A satisfactory performance of the Si@N, O-doped carbon (Si@CNO) anode is gained at 25 and 55°C. The Si@CNO anode shows stable cycling performance (capacity retention of 70.0% over 100 cycles at 25°C and 60.3% over 90 cycles at 55°C with a current density of 500 mA g<sup>−1</sup>) and a superior rate capacity of 864.1 mAh g<sup>−1</sup> at 1000 mA g<sup>−1 </sup>(25°C). The improved electrochemical performance of the Si@CNO electrode is attributed to the enhanced electrical conductivity and structural stability.

Cite this collection

Yan, Chunfeng; Huang, Tao; Zheng, Xiangzhen; Gong, Cuiran; wu, Maoxiang (2018): Supplementary material from "Waterborne polyurethane as a carbon coating for micrometre-sized silicon-based lithium-ion battery anode material". The Royal Society. Collection.