Supplementary material from "Chemical and isotopic analyses of hydrocarbon-bearing fluid inclusions in olivine-rich rocks"

Published on 2019-12-06T09:07:34Z (GMT) by
We examined the mineralogical, chemical and isotopic compositions of secondary fluid inclusions in olivine-rich rocks from two active serpentinization systems: the Von Damm hydrothermal field (Mid-Cayman Rise) and the Zambales ophiolite (Philippines). Peridotite, troctolite and gabbroic rocks in these systems contain abundant CH<sub>4</sub>-rich secondary inclusions in olivine, with less abundant inclusions in plagioclase and clinopyroxene. Olivine-hosted secondary inclusions are chiefly composed of CH<sub>4</sub> and minor H<sub>2</sub>, in addition to secondary minerals including serpentine, brucite, magnetite and carbonates. Secondary inclusions in plagioclase are dominated by CH<sub>4</sub> with variable amounts of H<sub>2</sub> and H<sub>2</sub>O, while those in clinopyroxene contain only CH<sub>4</sub>. We determined hydrocarbon abundances and stable carbon isotope compositions by crushing whole rocks and analysing the released volatiles using isotope ratio monitoring—gas chromatography mass spectrometry. Bulk rock gas analyses yielded appreciable quantities of CH<sub>4</sub> and C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>6</sub> in samples from Cayman (4–313 nmol g<sup>−1</sup> CH<sub>4</sub> and 0.02–0.99 nmol g<sup>−1</sup> C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>6</sub>), with lesser amounts in samples from Zambales (2–37 nmol g<sup>−1</sup> CH<sub>4</sub> and 0.004–0.082 nmol g<sup>−1</sup> C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>6</sub>). Mafic and ultramafic rocks at Cayman exhibit δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>CH4</sub> values of −16.7‰ to −4.4‰ and δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>C2H6</sub> values of −20.3‰ to +0.7‰. Ultramafic rocks from Zambales exhibit δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>CH4</sub> values of −12.4‰ to −2.8‰ and δ<sup>13</sup>C<sub>C2H6</sub> values of −1.2‰ to −0.9‰. Similarities in the carbon isotopic compositions of CH<sub>4</sub> and C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>6</sub> in plutonic rocks, Von Damm hydrothermal fluids, and Zambales gas seeps suggest that leaching of fluid inclusions may provide a significant contribution of abiotic hydrocarbons to deep-sea vent fluids and ophiolite-hosted gas seeps. Isotopic compositions of CH<sub>4</sub> and C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>6</sub> from a variety of hydrothermal fields hosted in olivine-rich rocks that are similar to those in Von Damm vent fluids further support the idea that a significant portion of abiotic hydrocarbons in ultramafic-influenced vent fluids is derived from fluid inclusions.This article is part of the theme issue ‘Serpentinite in the Earth system’.

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Grozeva, Niya G.; Klein, Frieder; Seewald, Jeffrey S.; Sylva, Sean P. (2019): Supplementary material from "Chemical and isotopic analyses of hydrocarbon-bearing fluid inclusions in olivine-rich rocks". The Royal Society. Collection. https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4748345.v2