Safety of a 2-Day Antibiotic Regimen After Delayed Chest Closure Post Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

Published on 2018-08-08T12:00:00Z (GMT) by
<div>Background:<p>There is no consensus for the length of prophylactic antibiotics after delayed chest closure (DCC) postcardiac surgery in pediatrics. In September 2014, our institution’s pediatric cardiac intensive care unit changed the policy on length of prophylactic antibiotics after DCC from 5 days (control) to 2 days (study group). The objective of the study was to determine whether a 2-day course of antibiotics is as effective as a 5-day course in preventing blood stream and sternal wound infections in pediatric DCC.</p>Methods:<p>Retrospective and prospective study. Primary end points included incidence of sternal wound infections and positive sternal imaging for infection. Surrogate markers of infection were collected at 4 time points.</p>Results:<p>During the study period, 139 patients had DCC postcardiac surgery of which 110 patients were included for analysis, 54 patients in the control and 56 in the study group. There was no difference in total number of positive wound cultures/chest computed tomography (CT) findings (4/54 [7.5%] control vs 5/56 [8.9%] study group, <i>P</i> = .3), positive blood cultures (<i>P</i> = .586), median postsurgical length of stay (<i>P</i> = .4), or readmissions within 30 days postsurgery (<i>P</i> = .6). All secondary end points were similar in both groups except peak heart rate between weeks 2 and 4 (<i>P</i> = .041).</p>Conclusion:<p>Two days of prophylactic antibiotics is not inferior to 5 days of prophylactic antibiotics after DCC following pediatric cardiac surgery.</p></div>

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Philip, Joseph; Kegg, Christian; Lopez-Colon, Dalia; Kelly, Brian J.; Lawrence, Robert M.; Robinson, Matthew A.; et al. (2018): Safety of a 2-Day Antibiotic Regimen After Delayed Chest Closure Post Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. SAGE Journals. Collection.