Probing, quantifying and freezing coherence in a thermal ensemble of atoms

Published on 2018-11-08T22:21:23Z (GMT) by
Creating stable superposed states of matter is one of the most intriguing aspects of quantum physics, leading to a variety of counter-intuitive scenarios along with a possibility of restructuring the way we understand, process and communicate information. Accordingly, there has been a major research thrust in understanding and quantifying such stable superposed states. Here we propose and experimentally explore a quantifier that captures effective quantum coherence in an atomic ensemble at room-temperature. The quantifier provides a direct measure of ground state coherence for electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) along with distinct signature of transition from EIT to Autler-Townes splitting (ATS) regime in the ensemble. Using the quantifier as an indicator, we further demonstrate a mechanism to coherently control and freeze coherence by introducing an active channel that compensates decay in the system. In the growing pursuit of quantum technologies at room-temperature, our results provide a unique way to phenomenologically quantify and coherently control quantum coherence in atom-like systems.

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Laskar, Arif; Singh, Niharika; Adhikary, Pratik; MUKHERJEE, ARUNABH; Ghosh, Saikat (2018): Probing, quantifying and freezing coherence in a thermal ensemble of atoms. The Optical Society. Collection.